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Special HISTORY (vip) related Question for Preliminary Examination is common for all the posts CA, TA, ASM, Goods Guard, ECRC, Jr Acct & Sr Clerk 03/2012

1. Who was the last of the powerful Mughal rulers ?
(A) Akbar (B) Aurangzeb
(C) Bahadur Shah Zafar (D) Mir Jafar

2. In the Battle of Plassey, the East India Company led by Robert Clive defeated
(A) Murshid Quli Khan (B) Alivardi Khan
(C) Sirajuddaulah (D) Aurangzeb

3. The ‘Doctrine of Lapse’ was devised by
(A) Cornwallis (B) Robert Clive
(C) Lord Hastings (D) Lord Dalhousie

4. The Indus Valley Civilization specialized in
(A) Town planning (B) Architecture
(C) Craftsmanship (D) All of these

5. The Saka era began in the year
(A) 78 AD (B) 78 BC
(C) 58 AD (D) 58 BC

6. Who founded four matthas in the four corners of India ?
(A) Shankaracharya (B) Ramanujacharya
(C) Bhaskaracharya (D) Madhvacharya

7. Samudragupta’s achievements are mentioned in the
(A) Kalinga edict (B) Hathigumpha edict
(C) Indica (D) Allahabad Prasasti

8. Who founded the slave dynasty ?
(A) Iltutmush (B) Outb-ud-din Aibak
(C) Rajiya (D) Balban

9. The fort-palace complex at Fatehpur Sikri was built by
(A) Humayan (B) Sher Shah
(C) Akbar (D) Jahangir

10. At which of the following places has a major Rock Edicts of Ashoka been found ?
(A) Girnar (B) Barabar
(C) Allahabad (D) Delhi

11. English education was introduced in India by
(A) Curzon (B) Nehru
(C) Macaulay (D) Dalhousie

12. Queen Victoria assumed the title of Empress of India by the Act of
(A) 1876 (B) 1867
(C) 1858 (D) 1885

13. Who founded the ‘Indian Association’ in 1876 ?
(A) Justice Ranade (B) Dadabhai Naoroji
(C) S. N. Bannerjee and Anand Mohan Bose (D) K. T. Telang

14. The first president of the Indian National Congress was
(A) Surendranath Banerjee (B) W. C. Banerjee
(C) G. K. Gokhale (D) A. O. Hume

15 The famous Ghadr movement was founded by
(A) Khudiram Bose (B) Hemchandra Kanungo
(C) Pulin Das (D) Sohan Singh Bhakra

16. When was the decision to shift the capital of India from Calcutta to Delhi announced ?
(A) 1911 (B) 1912
(C) 1913 (D) 1914

17. A book named ‘Gulamgiri’ meaning slavery was written in 1873 by
(A) Ghasidas (B) Jyotirao Phule
(C) B. R. Ambedkar (D) Periyar

18. Mahatma Gandhi’s involvement in the struggle in Champaran in 1917 led to the
(A) abolition of foreign imports (B) abolition of child marriage
(C) abolition of untouchability (D) abolition of the Tinkathia system

19. The Rowlatt Act of 1919 was opposed by Gandhi because
(A) it empowered only men with property to vote
(B) it authorized the Government to detain any one without trial
(C) it encouraged foreign import
(D) None of the above

20. Non co-operation movement (1920 – 22) involved
(A) surrender of titles
(B) boycott of schools, courts and councils
(C) maintenance of Hindu – Muslim unity
(D) All of the above

21. The first Round Table Conference ended with the famous
(A) Gandhi – Irwin Pact (B) Nehru – Irwin Pact
(C) Macdonald’s communal award (D) None of these

22. The famous “Quit India” resolution was passed on
(A) August 7, 1942 (B) August 8, 1942
(C) August 9, 1942 (D) August 10, 1942

23. The Simon Commission of 1927 was boycotted because
(A) It did not promise Independence
(B) It promised Independence only after 50 years
(C) It had no Indian representatives
(D) None of the above

24. Which political party announced 16 August 1946 as “Direct Action Day” ?
(A) Muslim League (B) Indian National Congress
(C) Justice Party (D) Punjab Unionists

25. Who was the Prime Minister of Britain at the time of India’s independence in August 1947?
(A) Wiston Churchill (B) Anthony Eden
(C) Clement Attlee (D) Ramsay MacDonald

26. Which of the following Acts formally introduced the principle of elections for the first time ?
(A) The Indian Councils Act 1909 (B) Government of India Act 1919
(C) Government of India Act 1935 (D) Indian Independence Act 1947

27. The Constitution of India was enacted by a Constituent Assembly set up
(A) by the Indian National Congress
(B) under the Cabinet Mission plan, 1946
(C) under the Indian Independence Act, 1947
(D) None of the above

28. What is the chief source of political power in India ?
(A) the people (B) the Constitution
(C) the Parliament (D) the Parliament and State legislatures

29. The Directive Principles of State Policy are contained in
(A) part III of the Constitution (B) part IV of the Constitution
(C) part V of the Constitution (D) part VI of the Constitution

30. The Parliament of India consists of
(A) Lok Sabha
(B) Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha
(C) The President, Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha
(D) The Speaker, Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha

31. The first to discover the sea route to India were the
(A) British (B) French
(C) Portuguese (D) Dutch

32. The Battle of Plassey became famous because it was the first major victory the
(A) Portuguese won in India (B) Dutch won in India
(C) French won in India (D) British won in India

33. Kingdoms like Satara, Sambalpur, Udaipur and Nagpur were annexed by the East India
Company by applying
(A) Doctrine of Lapse (B) Subsidiary alliance
(C) Policy of Paramountcy (D) None of these

 34. Which of the following metals was not known to the people of Indus Valley Civilisation ?
(A) Tin (B) Copper
(C) Iron (D) Lead

35. Buddha preached his first sermon at
(A) Lumbini (B) Sarnath
(C) Sanchi (D) Gaya

36. The paintings of Ajanta depict stories of the
(A) Ramayana (B) Mahabharata
(C) Jatakas (D) Panchatantra

37. Which of the following cities became important under King Harsha ?
(A) Kanauj (B) Pataliputra
(C) Garuda (D) Ujjain

38. The eminent poet Amir Khusrao was patronized by
(A) Muhammad bin Tughlaq (B) Alauddin Khilji
(C) Malik Kafur (D) Firoz Shah Tughlaq

39. The Jama Masjid at Delhi was built during the reign of
(A) Shah Jahan (B) Sher Shah
(C) Akbar (D) Jahangir

40. The famous rock cut temples at Elephanta are ascribed to
(A) the Chalukyas (B) the Cholas
(C) the Pallavas (D) the Rashtrakutas

41. Who started ‘Brahmo Samaj’ in 1828 which discarded idol worship, caste divisions and many other meaningless rites and rituals ?
(A) Justice Ranade (B) Dadabhai Naoroji
(C) Rammohan Roy (D) Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar

42. The power to govern was transferred from the East India Company to the British Crown by the Act of
(A) 1858 (B) 1859
(C) 1860 (D) 1861

 43. The Indian National Congress was formed in
(A) 1880 (B) 1885
(C) 1890 (D) 1895

44. Who organised Ganapati festival from 1894 as a method of mass contact ?
(A) Dinshaw E. Wacha (B) Madan Mohan Malaviya
(C) G. K.Gokhale (D) Bal Gangadhar Tilak

45. Name the secret society of revolutionaries organized by V.D. Savarkar in 1904.
(A) Abhinav Bharat (B) Anushillan Samiti
(C) Yugantar party (D) None of these

46. Who was the King of England when the capital of India was shifted from Calcutta to Delhi ?
(A) King George IV (B) King George V
(C) King George VI (D) King George VII

47. The Self Respect Movement was founded by
(A) Ghasidas (B) Jyotirao Phule
(C) E. V. Ramaswamy Naicker (D) B. R. Ambedkar

48. Mahatma Gandhi returned to India in 1915 from
(A) Australia (B) South Africa
(C) England (D) Germany

49. Mahatma Gandhi launched an all India Satyagraha campaign for the first time in 1919. It was against
(A) Montague-Chelmsford reforms (B) Jallianwalla Bagh incident
(C) Official’s secret act (D) Rowlatt Act

50. The non co-operation movement was called off in February 1922 because
(A) a crowd set fire to a police station in Chauri Chaura
(B) Government agreed to reforms
(C) of division in the Congress
(D) None of these

 51. In the second Round Table Conference, who represented the Congress ?
(A) Sarojini Naidu (B) Jawaharlal Nehru
(C) Motilal Nehru (D) Mahatma Gandhi

52. The famous “Quit India” resolution was passed on August 8, 1942 in
(A) Calcutta (B) Bombay
(C) Delhi (D) Madras

53. Who threw a bomb in the Central Legislative Assembly on 8 April 1929 ?
(A) P. K. Seghal (B) Shah Nawaz
(C) Bhagat Singh (D) G. S. Dhillon

54. The Swadeshi movement started in India during
(A) anti Bengal partition agitation
(B) the Champaran Satyagraha of Gandhi
(C) the protest against Rowlatt Act
(D) the non-co-operation movement of 1920 – 22

55. Machiavelli’s ‘Prince’ can be compared with
(A) Kalhana’s Rajtarangini (B) Kautilya’s Arthashastra
(C) Kalidasa’s Meghdutta (D) Chandra Bardai’s Prithviraj Raso

56. The Khilafat movement subsided following the
(A) withdrawal of support by the Congress
(B) abandonment of the policy of discrimination against the Muslims by the British
(C) reservation of seats for Muslims in Central and Provincial legislatures
(D) assumption of power by Mustafa Kamal Pasha in Turkey and abolition of Caliphate

57. The members of the Constituent Assembly were
(A) directly elected by the people
(B) nominated by the Indian National Congress
(C) elected by the provincial Assemblies
(D) nominated by the rulers of the Indian States

58. Which of the following is described as the Soul of the Constitution ?
(A) Fundamental Rights (B) Fundamental Duties
(C) Preamble (D) Power of Judicial Review

59. The Directive Principles are
(A) positive instructions to government to work for the attainment of set objectives
(B) negative injunctions to government to refrain from encroaching on the freedom of the
people
(C) directives to the State to enhance the international prestige of the country
(D) directives to the government to pursue a policy of nonalignment.

60. How many seats have been reserved for the union territories in the Lok Sabha ?
(A) 15 (B) 20
(C) 25 (D) None

61. Who discovered the sea route to India in 1498 ?
(A) Vasco da Gama (B) Robert Clive
(C) Queen Elizabeth (D) Alexander

62. The Battle of Buxar was fought in the year
(A) 1754 (B) 1764
(C) 1774 (D) 1734

63. Who was known as the ‘Tiger of Mysore’ ?
(A) Haidar Ali (B) Mir Jafar
(C) Tipu Sultan (D) None of these

64. Rice cultivation is associated with which of the following Harappan sites ?
(A) Kalibangan (B) Harappa
(C) Kot Diji (D) Lothal

65. The Brahmanas are books that deal with
(A) the Bhakti theory (B) ritualism
(C) yoga (D) meditaion

66. The principle that distinguishes Jainism from Buddhism is the
(A) practice of the eight fold path
(B) rejection of the infallibility of the Vedas
(C) attribution of a soul to all beings and things
(D) belief in rebirth

67. The famous Chinese pilgrim Fa-Hien visited India during the reign of
(A) Chandragupta II (B) Chandragupta I
(C) Samudragupta (D) Ashoka

 68. Who emphasized that union with God can be achieved through the love of God, and prayers, fasts and rituals were not important ?
(A) Jainism (B) The Sufis
(C) Bhuddhist (D) None of these

69. The Humayun’s Tomb at Delhi was built by
(A) Shah Jahan (B) Sher Shah
(C) Akbar (D) Jahangir

70. When did Alexander invade India ?
(A) 298 BC (B) 300 BC
(C) 350 BC (D) 327 BC

71. Who is associated with the ‘Young Bengal Movement’ in the first half of the 19th Century ?
(A) Henry Vivian Derozio (B) Rammohan Roy
(C) Rabindranath Tagore (D) Bankim Chandra

72. The revolt of 1857 was easily suppressed by the British because
(A) there was hardly any coordination among the forces
(B) the modern educated Indians did not support the revolt
(C) the revolutionaries were short of modern weapons
(D) all of these

73. The Ilbert Bill (1883) of Lord Ripon sought to
(A) prevent the Indian district magistrates and session judges to try Europeans in criminal
cases
(B) empower the Indian district magistrates and session judges to try Europeans in criminal cases
(C) compulsorily educate all Indians
(D) none of the above

74. Under whose initiative was the Indian National Congress established in 1885 ?
(A) A.O. Hume (B) W. C. Banerjee
(C) S. N. Banerjee (D) G. K. Gokhale

 75. Who was the Viceroy when Bengal was partitioned in 1905 ?
(A) Warren Hastings (B) Mountbatten
(C) William Bentinck (D) Curzon

76. New Delhi was designed by the two architects
(A) James Mill and J. S. Mill (B) Edward Lutyens and Herbert Baker
(C) Lytton and George (D) None of these

77. ‘Swadeshi’ movement refers to
(A) encouraging ideas of self help (B) national education
(C) use of Indian languages (D) all of these

78. Mahatma Gandhi returned to India from South Africa in
(A) 1913 (B) 1914
(C) 1915 (D) 1916

79. Rabindranath Tagore renounced his knighthood to express the pain and anger of the country against the
(A) Jallianwalla Bagh incident
(B) shifting of capital from Calcutta to Delhi
(C) partition of Bengal
(D) None of these

80. Who constituted the famous Hindustan Socialist Republican Army in 1928 ?
(A) S. A. Dange and group (B) Bhagat Singh and his comrades
(C) Vallabhbhai Patel (D) K. B. Hedgewar

81. Macdonald’s Communal Award of August 1932 created separate electorates for
(A) Muslims (B) Sikhs
(C) Christians (D) All of these

82. The famous ‘Delhi Chalo’ call was made by
(A) Rashbehari Bose (B) Sarat Bose
(C) Subhash Chandra Bose (D) Mahatma Gandhi

83. Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan was a famous freedom fighter from
(A) North West Frontier Province (B) Madras Presidency
(C) Assam Province (D) Bombay Presidency

84. The main factor that contributed to the final success of the British against other European
traders in India was
(A) superior business skills (B) improved quality of merchandise
(C) naval superiority (D) good relations with the Indian rulers

85. The nationalist movement in India became an organized mass movement from
(A) 1857 (B) 1885
(C) 1919 (D) 1905

86. On the ‘Direct Action Day’ unprecedented bloodshed took place as a result of Hindu- Muslim riots in
(A) Bombay (B) Calcutta
(C) Dhaka (D) Delhi

87. The Constituent Assembly of India held its first meeting on
(A) January 26, 1948 (B) August 16, 1947
(C) December 9, 1949 (D) November 26, 1947

88. The Preamble to the Constitution of India declares India
(A) a Sovereign Socialist Secular Democratic Republic
(B) a Sovereign Secular Democratic Republic
(C) a Socialist Secular Democratic Republic
(D) a Sovereign Democratic Republic

89. The Directive Principles aim at
(A) ensuring individual liberty
(B) ensuring strengthening of the country’s independence
(C) providing a social and economic base for a genuine democracy in the country
(D) All of the above

90. A person can be a member of the Council of Ministers without being a member of the Parliament for a maximum of period of
(A) one year (B) 6 months
(C) 3 months (D) one month

91. The Mughal emperor Aurangzeb issued a farman to the East India Company. It granted the Company the
(A) right to manufacture (B) right to build townships
(C) right to trade duty free (D) right to annex villages

92. In the Battle of Buxar (1764), the East India Company defeated
(A) Mir Qasim (B) Sirajuddaulah
(C) Mir Jafar (D) Alivardi Khan

93. How many wars did the British fought with Mysore in the 18th century ?
(A) Two (B) Three
(C) Four (D) One

94. What was the staple food of the people of the Indus Valley Civilisation ?
(A) Rice (B) Wheat
(C) Corn (D) Potato

95. The Rigveda contains
(A) rituals to be adopted by the people (B) hymns in honour of the gods
(C) yagnas to be performed (D) history of the vedic people

96. Kautilya’s Arthasastra is a book on
(A) economic relations (B) foreign policy
(C) duties of the king (D) principles and practice of statecraft

 97. The title ‘Vikramaditya’ was assumed by
(A) Ashoka (B) Chandragupta II
(C) Kanishka (D) Samudragupta

98. In the first battle of Panipat in 1526
(A) Babur defeated Ibrahim Lodi (B) Ibrahim Lodi defeated Babur
(C) Babur defeated Rana Sanga (D) Rana Sanga defeated Babur

99. Which of the following structure was built to commemorate Akbar’s victory in Gujarat ?
(A) Moti Masjid (B) Bulund Darwaza
(C) Pinjore garden (D) None of these

100. Bana Bhatta lived in the court of
(A) Pulakesin II (B) Harshvardhana
(C) Samudragupta (D) Ashoka

101. The revolt of 1857 was started by sepoys stationed at
(A) Kanpur (B) Allahabad
(C) Meerut (D) Jhansi

102. Who founded the Ramakrishna Mission in 1896 ?
(A) Dayanand Saraswati (B) Swami Vivekananda
(C) Rammohun Roy (D) Annie Besant

103. The ‘Vernacular Press Act’ (1878) provided for the
(A) compulsory printing of newspapers in vernacular languages
(B) compulsory printing of newspapers in English language only
(C) printing of newspapers in English and one vernacular language
(D) confiscation of printing press if it published seditious materials

104. Who asserted that the political goal of India should be self government or Swaraj, rather than reforms in the administration ?
(A) Bal Gangadhar Tilak (B) Lala Rajpat Rai
(C) G. K. Gokhale (D) Mahatma Gandhi

 105. The Official Secrets Act was first passed in the year
(A) 1903 (B) 1904
(C) 1905 (D) 1906

106. ‘Santiniketan’ was started in 1901 by
(A) W. C. Banerjee (B) Surendranath Tagore
(C) Rabindranath Tagore (D) William Bentick

107. Which of the following supported the partition of Bengal in 1905 ?
(A) All India Muslim League (B) Indian National Congress
(C) Poona Sarvajanik Sabha (D) None of these

108. First real peasant Satyagraha was organized by Gandhi in
(A) Bombay (B) Madras
(C) Ahmedabad (D) Kheda

109. Gandhi returned the ‘Kaiser-i-Hind’ medal given to him for his work during the Boer war in protest against the
(A) Jallianwalla Bagh incident
(B) shifting of capital from Calcutta to Delhi
(C) partition of Bengal
(D) None of these

110. The Congress resolved to fight for ‘Purna Swaraj’ in
(A) 1928 (B) 1929
(C) 1930 (D) 1931

111. Who founded the Forward Bloc in April 1939 which was a radical and progressive party within the Congress ?
(A) Jawaharlal Nehru (B) Sarat Bose
(C) B. R. Ambedkar (D) Subhash Chandra Bose

112. On 20 February 1947, Attlee announced the date for British withdrawal from India as
(A) April 30, 1948 (B) May 30, 1948
(C) June 30, 1948 (D) July 30, 1948

113. Who was the founder of the ‘Khudai Khidmatgars’ ?
(A) Maulana Azad (B) Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan
(C) Zakir Hussain (D) M. A. Jinnah

114. Which party was in power in Britain when India became independent ?
(A) Labour Party (B) Conservative Party
(C) Liberal Party (D) None of these

115. Give the correct ascending chronological sequence of events
I. Swadeshi movement
II. Non cooperation movement
III. Quit India movement
IV. Civil Disobedience movement
(A) I, II, III, IV (B) I, II, IV, III
(C) I, III, IV, II (D) I, IV, II, III

116. The organizational change to turn the Congress Party into a real mass political party was made for the first time in
(A) 1916 (B) 1918
(C) 1920 (D) 1930

117. The Constituent Assembly elected as its president.
(A) Jawaharlal Nehru (B) Rajendra Prasad
(C) B. R. Ambedkar (D) K. M. Munshi

118. The Constitution of India describes India as
(A) union of states (B) federation of states
(C) a unitary state (D) simply India

119. In which part of the Constitution the concept of welfare state finds elaboration ?
(A) Preamble (B) Fundamental Rights
(C) Fundamental Duties (D) Directive Principles of State Policy

120. The members of the Council of Ministers are
(A) appointed by the Prime Minister
(B) appointed by the President on the advice of the Prime Minister
(C) appointed by the President on the recommendation of the Parliament
(D) appointed by the President as per his discretion


121. The Battle of Plassey was fought in the year
(A) 1757 (B) 1747
(C) 1737 (D) 1727

122. The Nawab of Awadh was forced to give over half of his territory to the Company in 1801 because of
(A) the terms of the Farman (B) the terms of Subsidiary alliance
(C) the terms of Protection alliance (D) the terms of Buxar

123. During the British rule in India, the British territories were broadly divided into administrative
units called Presidencies. How many Presidencies were there ?
(A) Two (B) Three
(C) Four (D) Five

124. The people of the Indus Valley Civilisation venerated the
(A) humped bull (B) cow
(C) garuda (D) eagle


125. Upanishads are books on
(A) religion (B) yoga
(C) philosophy (D) law

126. The central point in Ashoka’s Dhamma was
(A) loyalty to the king (B) peace and non-violence
(C) respect to elders (D) religious toleration

127. Megasthenes visited India during the reign of
(A) Ashoka (B) Harsha
(C) Chandragupta II (D) Chandragupta Maurya

128. In the second battle of Panipat in 1556
(A) Bairam Khan defeated Hemu (B) Hemu defeated Bairam Khan
(C) Akbar defeated Amar Singh (D) Amar Singh defeated Hemu

129. Who among the following kings ruled the longest period ?
(A) Aurangzeb (B) Akbar
(C) Shah Jahan (D) Jahangir

130. Who was Nagarjuna ?
(A) a Greek king (B) a Vedic rishi
(C) a Jain monk (D) a Buddhist philosopher

131. When the sepoys stationed at Meerut mutinied on May 10, 1857, whom did they proclaim as the Emperor of India ?
(A) Mir Zafar (B) Mir Qasim
(C) Bahadur Shah Zafar (D) None of these

132. Who founded the Arya Samaj in 1875 which undertook the task of reforming Hindu religion
in north India ?
(A) Dayanand Saraswati (B) Vivekananda
(C) Rammohan Roy (D) Annie Besant

133. Who pointed out that the deliberate British policies led to the drain of wealth ?
(A) Justice Ranade (B) G. K. Gokhale
(C) R. C. Dutt (D) Dadabhai Naoroji

134. Who organized Shivaji festival from 1896 onwards to develop a patriotic cum historical cult as a central symbol of nationalism ?
(A) Dinshaw E. Wacha (B) Madan Mohan Malavya
(C) G. K. Gokhale (D) Bal Gangadhar Tilak

135. When was the All India Muslim League set up ?
(A) 1906 (B) 1907
(C) 1908 (D) 1909

136. Who was the Viceroy of India when the decision to shift the capital of India from Calcutta to Delhi was announced in 1911 ?
(A) Curzon (B) William Bentinck
(C) Hardinge (D) Lytton

137. The ‘‘Satnami” movement in central India to improve the social status among the leather workers was founded by
(A) Ghasidas (B) Jyotirao Phule
(C) E. V. Ramaswamy Naicker (D) B. R. Ambedkar

138. Mahatma Gandhi led a successful millworkers’ strike in 1918 in
(A) Bombay (B) Madras
(C) Ahmedabad (D) Kheda

139. What is the name of the officer who ordered the firing on the unarmed crowd at Jallianwalla Bagh on April 13, 1919 ?
(A) General Rowlatt (B) Curzon Wyllie
(C) Fuller (D) General Dyer

140. Gandhi’s Dandi March was undertaken to
(A) unit Hindu-Muslim (B) break the salt law
(C) support the British in second world war (D) none of these

 141. The ‘August Offer’ of 1940 made by the British referred to
(A) the need to consult representatives of several communities before transfer of responsibilities
(B) the offer of complete Independence after world war II
(C) the offer of formation of National Government
(D) None of the above

142. Who was the last Viceroy of India ?
(A) Wavell (B) Mountbatten
(C) Stafford Cripps (D) None of these

143. Which of the following was not a part of the INA trial held in the Red Fort, Delhi in November 1945 ?
(A) P. K. Sehgal (B) Shah Nawaz
(C) G. S. Dhillon (D) Jatin Das

144. For which movement was there unanimous support from Hindus and Muslims ?
(A) Quit India movement (B) anti Bengal partition agitation
(C) Khilafat movement (D) None of these

145. The Quit India movement was organized in
(A) 1920 (B) 1930
(C) 1942 (D) 1947

146. In which of the following movement did Mahatma Gandhi make the first use of hunger strike as a weapon ?
(A) Non cooperation movement, 1920-22 (B) Rowlatt Satyagraha, 1919
(C) Ahmedabad Strike, 1918 (D) Bardoli Satyagraha

147. The Constitution of India was adopted on
(A) November 26, 1949 (B) January 26, 1950
(C) January 26, 1949 (D) January 26, 1951

148. The Parliamentary system of government in India is based on the pattern of Parliamentary government in
(A) Canada (B) France
(C) Norway (D) Great Britain

 149. Which one of the following is a bulwark of personal freedom ?
(A) Mandamus (B) Habeas Corpus
(C) Quo Warranto (D) Certiorari

150. Seats are allotted to the various States in the Lok Sabha on the basis of
(A) Supreme Court’s orders (B) area
(C) population (D) None of these

151. Two of the words we often use for our country are India and Bharat. In the Rigveda, the
word Bharata was used for –
(A) a group of people who lived in the north west
(B) a brave warrior during ancient period
(C) a place near the present-day Gujarat
(D) None of these

152. Consider the statements regarding inscriptions and choose the correct answer :
I. Sometimes, kings got their orders inscribed so that people see them
II. Sometimes, kings got their orders inscribed so that people read and obey them
III. There are other kinds of inscriptions where men and women recorded what they did
(A) Only I and II are true (B) Only II and III are true
(C) Only I and III are true (D) All I, II and III are true

153. Most of the caves in which early people lived have paintings on the walls. These paintings show –
(A) Hills and rivers (B) Human beings
(C) Wild animals (D) Numbers

154. Consider the following statements of the Harappan cities and choose the correct answer :
I. Many of these cities were divided into two or more parts
II. Usually, the part to the west was smaller but higher
III. Generally, the part to the east was smaller and lower.
(A) Only I and II are true (B) Only II and III are true
(C) Only I and III are true (D) All I, II and III are true
155. The Harappans made seals out of stone. The shapes are generally –
(A) circular (B) rectangular
(C) triangular (D) no particular shape
156. In which language did The Buddha teach the ordinary people ?
(A) Sanskrit (B) Prakrit
(C) Hindi (D) Nepali
157. According to whom, “All beings long to live, To all things life is dear”
(A) Samudragupta (B) Chandragupta II
(C) Buddha (D) Mahavira
 
158. Name the only king in the history of the world who gave up conquest after winning a war.
(A) Alexander (B) Kanishka
(C) Ashoka (D) Akbar
159. Which of the following is / are Tamil epics ?
(A) the Silappadikaram (B) the Manimekalai
(C) Both the Silappadikaram and Manimekalai (D) None of these
160. Paper was invented in –
(A) Japan (B) China
(C) Korea (D) Baghdad
161. In the Gandhara sculpture, the Buddha has elongated ears. Which of the following is true ?
(A) There are earings in the elongated ears
(B) There is one earing on the left side
(C) There is one earing on the right side
(D) There are no earings or ornaments of any sort in the elongated ears
162. Who calculated the length of the solar year to 365.3586805 ?
(A) Aryabhatta (B) Amarasinha
(C) Varahamihira (D) Annie Besant
163. The silver tanka and the copper jital– the two basic coins of the Sultanate period were
associated to
(A) Qutb-uddin Aibak (B) Iltutmish
(C) Raziya (D) Balban
164. Who founded the Civil Service in India ?
(A) Warren Hastings (B) Macaulay
(C) William Bentinck (D) Cornwallis

165. The first railway line running from Bombay to Thane was opened to traffic in –
(A) 1853 (B) 1854
(C) 1855 (D) 1856

166. What is the correct sequence of arrival Europeans in India ?
(A) The Dutch, The Portuguese, The British, The French
(B) The Portuguese, The Dutch, The British, The French
(C) The French, The Portuguese, The Dutch, The British
(D) The British, The French, The Portuguese, The Dutch

167. Who drove out the Dutch from India in 1695 ?
(A) The French (B) The Mughals
(C) The Marathas (D) The British

168. The French dream of an empire in India was destroyed when they were defeated by the British in the –
(A) Battle of Wandiwash (B) Battle of Plassey
(C) Second Anglo-French Carnatic War (D) Third Anglo-French Carnatic War

169. The East India Company secured the whole revenue of Bengal after the –
(A) The great famine of Bengal (B) Battle of Plassey
(C) Battle of Buxor (D) Pitt’s India Act

170. In the first Anglo-Mysore war in 1769
(A) the British defeated Haidar Ali (B) Haidar Ali defeated the British
(C) Tipu Sultan defeated the British (D) the British defeated Tipu Sultan

171. By which Act the East India Company’s trade monopoly in India was ended and trade was thrown open to all British subjects ?
(A) Charter Act, 1823 (B) Charter Act, 1853
(C) Charter Act, 1813 (D) None of these

172. In 1857, number of Indian officers in the East India Company’s army was –
(A) 1% (B) 2%
(C) 3% (D) Nil

173. When was the Indian Law Commission appointed to fully codify the Indian system of law and court procedure ?
(A) 1853 (B) 1883
(C) 1923 (D) 1953

174. Under which of the following land revenue system was there a direct settlement between the government and the cultivator ?
(A) Ijadari System (B) Permanent System
(C) Ryotwari System (D) Mahalwari System

175. The Government of India assumed responsibility for the education of the masses as a consequence of –
(A) the Education Dispatch of 1854 (B) the Sepoy Mutiny of 1857
(C) the Charter Act of 1833 (D) the Charter Act of 1813

176. The basic demand of the ‘Ekta Movement’ was –
(A) reduction of rent by 50%
(B) conversion of produce rent into cash
(C) no taxation
(D) boycott of foreign cloth

177. The Quit India campaign was launched by the National Congress after the failure of the –.
(A) Cripps Mission (B) Cabinet Mission
(C) Simla Conference (D) Simon Commission

178. Which of the following is code named as ‘Plan Balkan’ ?
(A) Cabinet Mission (B) Mountbatten Plan
(C) Wavell Plan (D) Attlee’s Announcement

179. Which of the following played a prominent role in integrating princely States after the Indian
Independence Act, 1947 ?
(A) Mahatma Gandhi (B) Jawaharlal Nehru
(C) Sardar Patel (D) S. N. Banerjee

 180. The boundary between India and Pakistan was demarcated by boundary commissions under
the chairmanship of
(A) Lord Mountbatten (B) Sir Cyril Radcliffe
(C) Sir Stafford Cripps (D) Lawrence


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